[David Strom's Web Informant] The different worlds of digital and analog entertainment options

David Strom david at strom.com
Mon Oct 24 15:56:43 EDT 2016

Web Informant October 24, 2016: The different worlds of digital and analog
entertainment options

What do the TV series *House of Cards*, *Moneyball* pitcher Chad Bradford,
women’s erotica purchases, You Tube Spaces
<https://www.youtube.com/yt/space/)> and Harrah’s casinos have in common? I
will explain in a moment, as you mull over each of these situations.

In a new book entitled, *Streaming, Sharing, Stealing: Big Data and the
future of entertainment*, two Carnegie Mellon professors present years of
researching the book publishing, movie-making, television and music
industries and how they treat their customers, their artists, and their
data. Their conclusions will both surprise and delight you, and I would
urge you to buy this book
and read it carefully.

Let’s go back to our intro. In February 2011 when the producers of the show
House of Cards approached several cable TV executives to get their show
green-lighted. Political dramas weren’t popular, and the execs passed. As
you all know, Netflix acquired the rights to the series, but what you may
not know is that they paid the production company $100 million for a
two-year commitment for he series, rather than buying a single pilot

Why did they do this? *Because they knew exactly what were the viewing
habits of their customers. *They created multiple trailers to promote the

·       one for Kevin Spacey fans,

·       one for customers that liked “strong female lead actors,” as they
characterize those types of movies

·       one for fans of David Fincher’s movies,

·       and another for the people who had rented the original BBC series
on DVDs.

*It knew exactly the people who would want to watch the series, because it
had all the data about their viewing habits.* And we all know what
happened: *Cards* became a hit, and is filming its next season.

The authors question the generally held belief that delaying the release of
a movie via DVD rental or online stream hurts sales, or that selling a
paperback or ebook hurts hardcover sales. What they found is that there are
two separate audiences for content: *those that have “crossed over” to the
digital world aren’t coming back to the analog world*. Delaying an ebook
resulted in almost no change in hardcover book sales. Delaying a digital
movie release after the physical DVD date could cut digital sales by half.
Digital and analog are different products, and operate in different
universes. “When digital customers couldn’t find the product they wanted to
buy when they wanted to buy it, many of them simply left, and didn’t come
back. They are either pirating their content or consuming other types of
content on Netflix et al.”

The digital world grew out of a “perfect storm” coincidence of three
megatrends: the Internet and better broadband, the rise of digital content
such as MP3s and downloadable apps and movies, and lower-cost PCs that were
usable and affordable. This created so much turmoil that the existing
entertainment industries couldn’t cope.

Take women’s erotica, and other specialty genres in the book-publishing
world. These books used to be difficult to find, with only a few stores
carrying more than a couple of titles, often hidden on selected shelves.
But with Kindles and other ereaders, *people can buy what they want without
having to show the world their tastes.* When the first *50 Shades* book was
written, it was self-published. Fans through online communities promoted it
before it became a blockbuster hit.

What about *You Tube Spaces*? These are video production facilities that
anyone who has a sufficiently large audience can book and use. Think of it
as WeWork with a soundstage and digital editing bay, but for free. There
are classes on all sorts of production techniques. They are located in
major cities around the globe: all with the goal of improving the quality
of You Tube videos. (Here is a tour that The Next Web took a few years ago
of their LA studio
Such a thing wouldn’t be conceivable just five or ten years ago.

And then there is Moneyball and the pitcher Chad Bradford. He had a quirky
pitching style but incredible power as a pitcher. However, the stats
normally used by most baseball scouts didn’t capture his performance, and
he was overlooked by most of the teams. Eventually, he was signed by
Oakland and delivered for a couple of years. Eventually though the other
baseball teams got their Big Data act together and Oakland’s advantage

Moneyball illustrates another issue*: the culture in tech firms differs
from those of the entertainment firms such as major studios or book
publishers*. “Companies such as Google, Amazon and Apple don’t make gut
feel decisions – they make quantitative decisions based on what their data
tells them.” Once the digital platforms have learned their customers’
preferences, they can market products directly to them, based on what they
watch, read, and listen to. They can design specific promotional campaigns
to speak to specific groups, and even target new customers.

*One final example is of Harrah’s casinos.* Back in 2000, the company was
doing well. It operated in more markets, and was very profitable. But the
gambling landscape was changing: more casinos were being built across the
country, often as destination resorts that included show rooms,
luxury-themed shopping malls and five-star restaurants.  Harrah’s had to
pivot from operating independent casinos to integrating them in a single
business that looked closely at its customers’ data and who did what where
on its properties. It had to focus on extracting value from that data, and
in a way that built customer loyalty countrywide. And contrary to its
provincial assumptions of the local property managers, using this central
data repository and analytics they were able to increase revenues, promote
cross-market players, and design new loyalty programs to increase its
overall customer base.

*The overall moral of this book: entertainment companies are going to have
to take control over the customer interface and their customers’ data if
they are going to be successful*. It should be required reading for any
digital marketer.

Comments always welcome here. <http://blog.strom.com/wp/?p=5627>
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